Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more serious diseases. COVID-19 is the disease caused by a new coronavirus first reported in December 2019 in Wuhan City in China. Other coronaviruses include Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus, COVID-19 is the abbreviation for “coronavirus disease 2019”, an official name given by the World Health Organization to the disease caused by this newly identified virus.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
Some people infected with the Virus have no symptoms. But there is when the virus cause symptoms, common ones include:
COVID 19 can be severe and sometime cause’s death.
What to do if you think you are experiencing COVID 19 symptoms
A person should contact a doctor by phone to report their symptoms and seek further advice. They should not show up at a doctor’s office without prior approval from the facility. People should call the emergency services if their symptoms are severe or include breathing difficulties
Self-isolating means staying at home and staying away from other family members to avoid spreading the virus. Ideally, people who have symptoms of COVID-19 should remain in one room and use a separate bathroom to other members of the household.
At present, there is no specific treatment for COVID-19. However, the following at-home self-care measures can help alleviate symptoms and prevent complications:
Practicing proper hand hygiene is a very effective way to prevent the spread of COVID-19. This is because it reduces a person’s risk of contracting the infection if they touch their face and reduces the likelihood of transferring the virus to other people or surfaces that people may touch.
To wash the hands properly, use water and soap and scrub for at least 20 seconds. Some key times to wash the hands include:
When soap and water are unavailable, a person should use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
How does COVID 19 spread?
There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.
The coronavirus is thought to spread mainly from person to person. This can happen between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet) by touching, hugging, kissing etc.
Through respiratory droplets that are produced when an infected person coughs, talks or sneezes may land in the mouths or nose of people who are nearby , or possibly be inhaled into lungs
Coronavirus can also spread from contact with infected surfaces or objects. For example a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose or possibly their eyes.
How to prevent the spread of COVID 19?
Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands as this increases the risk of transferring the virus to other people or surfaces.
Do NOT use a facemask meant for a healthcare worker
Put distance between yourself and other people by avoiding close contact. Stay home as much as possible. Continue to keep about 6 feet between yourself and others. A face mask is not a substitute for social distancing.
If soap and water are not available, clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
Self-isolating means staying at home and staying away from other family members to avoid spreading the virus. Ideally, people who have symptoms of COVID -19 should remain in one room and use a separate bathroom to other members of the household. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention.
How to take care of a COVID 19 patient
COVID-19 spreads between people who are in close contact (within about 6 feet) through respiratory droplets, created when someone talks, coughs or sneezes. So, if you are taking care of a sick person these are the don’ts
When taking care of a sick person keep on watching the warning signs such as: